Soon the vaccine for Covid-19 is reportedly about to finish its production phase and the world is anxiously waiting for its arrival to the public. However, most of us probably don’t know that vaccines are fragile substances that are susceptible to damage. According to several studies about vaccines, it seems we have already examined the best way to handle vaccines.


The Importance of Cold Chain in Handling Logistics and Distribution of Vaccines

According to the ministry of health, there are several types of vaccines that may be used for Covid-19. The vaccines are antigens in the form of microorganisms that are dead (inactivated), alive but weakened (live-attenuated), processed and separated pieces of the pathogen (subunit), toxoids (inactivated toxin), or reconstructed antigens through recombinant DNA technology. When applied to a person, the vaccines to create a specific immune response towards the targeted illness.

Vaccines may be damaged when exposed to high temperatures and unstable low temperatures. And for that, vaccines require an environment with a controlled temperature that is specialized to store and distribute the vaccines as these goods are very delicate. Such requirements can be met with the use of cold chain storage and distribution (cold room, vaccine carrier, freezer box, cold pack, cool box).

The ministry of health stated that the cold chain will be tasked with storage and distribution, ensuring the quality of the vaccines within the process of distribution from the factory to the public. In order to ensure the quality, vaccines are required to be stored in an environment where the temperature is controlled because vaccines have to be inside a controlled temperature until it is used.


3 Key Elements in Handling Vaccines

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are three main elements in vaccine administration. A trained team of personnel to carry and handle the vaccines, transportation, and storage that meets the requirements, and an efficient procedure and management. These three elements are crucial and must remain consistent in order to ensure the vaccination process is a success. 

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Cold Chain Ensures The Stability of Temperature and The Quality of Vaccines

Other than that cold rooms, refrigerators, cold boxes, and vaccine carriers have to be equipped with thermometers in order to check and control the temperature when distributing the vaccines from the capital to different provinces, to districts, to medical centers, until the vaccines are administered to patients. The thermometers are a vital part that is required in order to ensure the quality of vaccines through the process of distribution.